Grewia occidentalis Lavender Star Flower, Crossberry, Four-corner, Buttonwood, Lavender Star Flower

5 Seeds Grewia occidentalis Seeds , Lavender Star Flower Seeds,
5 Seeds Grewia occidentalis Seeds , Lavender Star Flower Seeds,
Item# Grew
$4.00
Grewia occidentalis Lavender Star Flower :  This item is currently out of stock!

Product Description

This attractive indigenous shrub may be found in a variety of habitats ranging from arid karoo, coastal dune bush, evergreen montane forest and wooded grasslands. On the Highveld, mainly grows in clumps of bush and rocky places, often in the shade of trees - it occurs naturally in the Witwatersrand National Botanical Garden where it is common and may be found in almost all areas. The natural distribution of the Grewia occidentalis ranges from the Western Cape up to Zimbabwe and Mozambique. This genus is named after Nehemiah Grew (1641-1712), an English physician. Occidentalis means from the west.

It is a scrambling deciduous shrub or small tree reaching up to 3m in height. Purple star-shaped flowers (measuring 1.5 to 3cm across) appear in summer (October - January), followed by distinctive four-lobed fruits (hence the common name cross-berry and four-corner). Fruits turns shiny reddish-brown to light purple when ripe (January - May) and may remain on the tree for long periods.

The leaves are alternate and simple with three distinct veins from the base. They are shiny deep green and may be slightly hairy on both surfaces. They are usually held in a horizontal plane towards the light.

Leaves are browsed by cattle, goats and game (black rhino, giraffe, nyala and grey duiker). Ripe fruits are relished by various birds such as louries, mousebirds, bulbuls and barbets as well as certain mammals (including man). Larvae of the rufous-winged elfin butterfly (Eagris nottoana) and buff-tipped skipper (Netrobalane canopus) feed on the leaves of this species.

In certain areas where the sugar content of the fruits is high, they are collected and dried for later use. The dried fruits are sometimes boiled in milk - a bush milkshake! Beer is also brewed from the ripe fruit in certain areas. Other human uses of this species include using the wood to make bows and spear shafts.

The cross-berry is an important species in traditional medicine and is used for a variety of purposes. Bruised bark soaked in hot water is used to treat wounds. Pounded bark, used regularly as a shampoo, was believed to prevent hair from turning grey. Parts of the plant were used to treat impotence and sterility, and root extracts were used to help in childbirth.

A Abies Pindrow Abroma augusta Abrus precatorius Acacia arabica Acacia auriculaformis Acacia catechu Acacia concinna Acacia dealbata Acacia farnesiana Acacia mangium Acacia mearnsii Acacia melanoxylon Acer oblongum Acer caesium Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Adenanthera pavonina Adina cordifolia Aegle marmelos Aesculus assamica Aesculus indica Ailanthus excelsa Albizia amara Albizia chinensis Albizia falcatria Albizia julibrissin Albizia lebbeck Albizia lucida Albizia procera Aleurites fordii Aleurites moluccana Allamanda cathartica Alnus nepalensis Alstonia scholaris Anacardium occidentale Andrographis paniculata Anogeisus latifolia Anogeisus pendula Anona squamosa Anthocephalus cadamba Antigonon leptopus var alba Araucaria bidwilli Areca catechu Argemone mexicana Argyreia nervosa Artabotrys odoratissimus Artocarpus chaplasha Artocarpus integrifolia Asparagus racemosus Azadirachta indica

B Balanites roxburghii Bambusa arundinacea Barringtonia acutangula Bassia latifolia Bauhinia purpurea Bauhinia retusa Bauhinia tomentosa Bauhinia variegeta Bauhinia vahlii Berberis aristata Betula utilis Bischofia javanica Bixa orellana Bombax ceiba Borassus flabellifer Boswellia serrata Seeds Broussonetia papyrifera Butea monosperma

C Caeselpinia pulcherrima Callistemon vimminalis Camellia Sinensis Canavelia ensiformis Canavelia gladiata Capparis spinosa Carica species Cajanus cajan Carissa carandas Carum roxburghianum Caryota mitis Caryota urens Cassia alata Cassia angustifolia Cassia auriculata Cassia Fistula Cassia floribunda Cassia glauca Cassia grandis Cassia javanica Cassia marginata Cassia nodosa Cassia occidentalis Cassia renigera Cassia siamea Cassia spectabilis Cassia tora Castanea sativa Casuarina equisetifolia Catharanthus roseus Cedrus deodara Ceiba pentandra Celtis australis Centella asiatica Chorisia speciosa Chickrassia tabularis Cinnamomum camphora Clerodendron infortunatum Clitorea ternatea Cocos nucifera Coffea arabica Colvilea racemosa Cordia dichotoma Cordia sebestina Crotalaria juncea Cryptomeria japonica Cupressus torulosa Cycas revoluta Cydonia oblonga

D Dalbergia assamica Dalbergia latifolia Dalbergia sissoo Datura metel Delonix regia Dendrocalamus strictus Derris robusta Dichanthium annulatum Dillenia indica Diospyros melanoxylon Dodonea viscose Dolichos lablab Duranta repens

E Elaeocarpus ganitrus Emblica officinalis Enterolobium contortisiliquium Erythrina indica Eucalyptus citriodora Eucalyptus globulus Eucalyptus robusta Eugenia jambolana

F Ficus benghalensis Ficus religiosa G Glircidia sepium Gmelina arborea Grewia asiatica Gynocardia odorata Grevillea robusta

H Hardwickia binnata Helicteres isora Hibiscus abelmoschus Hibiscus cannabinus Hibiscus mutabilis Holarrhennaantidy sentrica Hyoscyamus niger

I Indigofera tinctoria Ipomea palmate

J Jacaranda mimmosifolia Juglans regia

K Kigelia pinnata Koelreuteria paniculata Kydia calycina

L Lagerstroemia flos-regina Lantana camara Lawsonia alba Leucaena leucocephala Litchi chinensis Livistona chinensis Livistona jenkinsiana

M Magnolia grandiflora Mallotus philippinensis Malus bacatta Mangifera indica Manilkara hexandra Medicago sativa Melia azedarach Mesua ferrea Michelia champaca Milletia ovalifolia Millingtonia hortensis Mimosa pudica Mimusops elengi Mitragyana parvifolia Moringa oleifera Morus alba Mucuan deeringiana Mucuna prurita Mucuna utilis Murraya exotica Murraya koenigii Myristica fragrans

N Nelumbo nucifera Nerium indicum Nigella sativa Nyctanthes arbortristis

O Oroxylum indicum Ougeinia dalbergioides

P Panicum maximum Parkinsonia aculeate Passiflora edulis Peganum harmala Peltophorum africanum Phoenix acualis Phoenix dactylifera Phoenix sylvestris Picea smithiana Pinus gerardiana Pinus khasya Pinus patula Pinus roxburghii Pinus wallichiana Piper nigrum Pithecelobium dulce Platanus orientalis Polyalthia longifolia Pongamia PinnataTop Prosopis cineraria Psidium guajva Pterocarpus dalbergioides Pterocarpus marsupium Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerfolium Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghi Pyrus communis

Q Quercus incana Quercus serrata

R Rhododendron arboreum Ricinus communis Rivea corymbosa Robinia pseudoacacia

S Top Salvadora oleoides Samanea saman Santalum album Sapindus mukorossi Sapium sebiferum Saraca indica Semecarpus anacardium Sesbania sesban Shorea robusta Spathodea campaulata Sterculia urens Strychnos nux-vomica Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagony Syzgium cuminii

T Tamarindus indica Taxodium mucronatum Taxus bacatta Tecoma stans Tectona grandis Terminalia arjuna Terminalia alata Top Terminalia bellerica Terminalia chebula Terminalia myriocarpa Thespesia populnea Thevetia nerifolia Thunbergia grandiflora Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora

W Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Wrightia tomentosa

Z Ziziphus jujuba